Fluidez lectora en niños: cuáles son las habilidades subyacentes

Julieta-Carolina Fumagalli, Juan-Pablo Barreyro, Virginia-Irene Jaichenco

Resumen


La fluidez lectora es un componente crítico del aprendizaje de la lectura y la comprensión de textos. En español son escasas las herramientas para evaluar este constructo que involucra aspectos relativos a la precisión lectora, la expresividad, la velocidad y la comprensión. A fin de obtener información para el futuro diseño de una batería que evalúe la fluidez a partir de textos en español, este trabajo se propone establecer las habilidades subyacentes a la fluidez. Para tal fin, se evalúo a un total de 172 niños de tercero, quinto y séptimo grado de nivel primario sin dificultades para el aprendizaje de la lectura. Los participantes respondieron cinco tareas: fluidez verbal fonológica (FVF), conciencia fonológica (CF), velocidad de denominación (RAN), lectura de palabras y no palabras (Lectura de PyNP) y lectura en voz alta de un texto (LVA) a partir de la cual se extrajeron medidas de precisión lectora, velocidad y comprensión. Los resultados obtenidos brindan información sobre variables que inciden de manera directa (RAN y Lectura de PyNP) e indirecta (CF y FVF) sobre la fluidez lectora. Estos datos resultan relevantes para el futuro diseño de una batería que permita medir este constructo.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18239/ocnos_2017.16.1.1332

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